Indonesian From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Drum is a percussion instrument like a drum. Drum is a traditional musical instrument that has been used since thousands of years ago, which has a function as a traditional means of communication, both in the activities of religious and political rituals. In Indonesia, a regular drum was sounded for the notification of the times of prayer or worship. Drum made from a large piece of wood or palm trees along approximately one meter or more. The center of the rod-shaped hole so the big tube. End of the rod is larger covered with animal skins that functions as a membrane or coating drum. When struck, drum heavy noise, pitched a typical, low, but can be heard up to a considerable distance.
Drum actually originated from India and China. Based on the legend of Cheng Ho from China, as when Admiral Cheng Hoo come to Semarang, they were welcomed by the king of Java at that time. Then, when Cheng Ho was about to leave, and to give a gift, the king of Semarang said that he only wanted to listen to the voice of the mosque drum. Since then, the drum and then became part of the mosque, as in China, Korea and Japan, which positions the drum in the temples as a religious ritual communication tool. In Indonesia, a regular drum is sounded for prayer time notification mengani or prayers. As powerful drum Orba been removed from surau and mosques because they contain elements of non-Muslims. Drum was replaced by a loudspeaker. This was done by the Islamic modernists, but NU resistance so far can be seen there are many who defend the mosque drum.
* Social Functions: drum serves as a communication tool, or sign community activities, ranging from worship, an indication of danger, until the landmark gathering of a komuntas.
* The function of aesthetics: drum work in the creative world development, concepts, and culture of musical material.
How to creating a simple drum
At first, skinned goat or cow. Animal skins used to make a drum of raw materials such as goat skin, cow, buffalo, and buffalo. White cowhide has a better quality compared with brown cowhide. Because white cow skin is thicker than the brown cowhide, so that the resulting sound will be different as well, lower durability. Then, the skin is soaked in water detergent approximately 5-10 minutes. Do not be too long to not be damaged. Then, the skin is dried in a way dipanteng (held) in order not to shrink. When dry, measure the diameter of wood that have been painted and will be made drum. Seteleh finished measured, the skin is attached to a wooden stump of wood that had been prepared. The process of unification with the animal skin made of wood with nails and some ropes.
Games Bedug (Art Ngadulag)
Ngadulag art comes from the West Java area. Basically, the drum has the same function as described previously. However, the drum beats in each region has differences with other regions, making it unique. Thus was born the term "Ngadulag" which refers to a drum beating skills. Now the drum beat of skills has become an independent art form of art Ngadulag (drum playing). In the area Bojonglopang, Sukabumi, ngadulag art has become a competition to get the best drum drummers. The competition is divided into 2 categories, namely the beauty and durability. The beauty of rhythm and rhythm priority drum beats, while resistance plays priority durability or how long the power beating the drum. The competition was participated by men and women. From this game the art of beating the drum through the development. In the past, the art equipment drum beat of the drum consisted simply, kohkol, and trumpets. But now even developed its equipment. Besides those mentioned above, the drum beat is now also equipped with musical instruments like guitars, keyboards, and cymbal.
The world's largest Bedug
The world's largest drum in the Masjid Darul Muttaqien, Purworejo. This drum is a great work of Muslims, whose creation was ordered by the Duke Tjokronagoro I, Regent's first Purworejo. made in 1762 or 1834 AD Java And named Kyai Begelan. Size or specifications of this drum were: length 292 cm, circumference 601 cm in front of, around the rear of 564 cm, diameter of the front of 194 cm, diameter of the rear of 180 cm. Part of this beating of the drum is made from buffalo skin. Giant drum is designed as a "means of communication" to invite the congregation to hear as far as possible through drum beats as a sign of time praying before adzan voiced